The ACT is estimated to receive $1,421 million in GST in 2022-23. This would be a decrease of $5 million compared to 2020-21. The change reflects its share of the growth in the GST pool. It also reflects the application of the 0.7 GST relativity floor, which increases Western Australia’s GST and reduces the GST distribution to all other states. It is expected that no worse off payments will result in the ACT receiving more revenue overall from the GST distribution arrangements in 2022–23 than it received in 2021–22.
GST distribution in 2022-23
Key factors that changed the ACT's GST needs in
2022-23 compared to 2021-22
How the ACT compared to other states and territories
The ACT’s capacity to raise revenue from its own taxes is lower than the national average. For example:
The characteristics of people living in the ACT mean that the costs of providing government services is lower than the national average. For example:
Overall, the lower relative revenue raising capacity of the ACT outweighs its lower relative cost of providing services. It therefore receives a per person GST allocation above the national average.
How the GST is distributed
The Commonwealth Grants Commission provides independent advice to the Commonwealth government on how GST revenue should be distributed to ensure each state has a similar capacity to provide services. The amount of revenue each state can raise differs because it depends on things like the value of mining production, property transactions and taxable payrolls. The cost of providing services varies too, based on things like a state’s size, its geography, where its residents live and their age, health and wealth.
Changes to the GST distribution in 2022-23 reflect the 2018 GST legislated arrangements. These include implementation of a GST relativity floor below which no state’s GST revenue sharing relativity can fall and Commonwealth top ups to the GST pool. The Commonwealth also makes separate transitional no worse off payments to the states.