New South Wales
New South Wales is estimated to receive $24,870 million in GST in 2023-24. This would be an increase of $152 million compared with 2022 23. The change reflects New South Wales’ assessed needs for GST and its share of the growth in the GST pool. It also reflects the application of the 0.7 GST relativity floor, which increases the GST distributed to Western Australia and reduces the GST distributed to all other states.
GST distribution in 2023-24
Key factors that changed New South Wales’ GST needs in 2023-24 compared with 2022-23
How New South Wales compared with other states and territories
New South Wales’ capacity to raise revenue from its own taxes is similar to the national average. For example:
The characteristics of the people and services in New South Wales means that the costs of providing government services is below the national average. For example:
Overall, with below average cost of providing services and around average revenue raising capacity, New South Wales receives a per person GST payment less than the national average.
How the GST is distributed
The Commonwealth Grants Commission provides independent advice to the Commonwealth government on how GST should be distributed to ensure each state has a similar capacity to provide services. The amount of revenue each state can raise differs because it depends on things like the value of mining production, property transactions and taxable payrolls. The cost of providing services varies too, based on things like a state’s size, its geography, where its residents live and their age, health and wealth.
Changes to the GST distribution in 2023-24 reflect the 2018 GST legislated arrangements. These include implementation of a GST relativity floor below which no state’s GST revenue sharing relativity can fall and Commonwealth top ups to the GST pool. The Commonwealth also makes separate transitional no worse off payments to the states.