A complete review of the methodology underlying the CGC’s advice to Government on the relative fiscal capacity of States and Territories is conducted every five years. The purpose of the review is to determine the most appropriate methods and data for measuring State and Territory relative fiscal capacity.
The draft report for the 2020 methodology review and State submissions on the report are now available. The Commission provided the draft report to the Commonwealth Treasurer on 25 June 2019. It was released to State treasuries on 6 August 2019.
On 29 November 2019, the Commission released a position paper on Significant changes since the draft report. Submissions are due 3 January 2020.
The Commission will finalise its methods and provide recommendations for the distribution of GST revenue among the States in 2020-21 by 28 February 2020.
The update process is conducted annually and provides recommendations to the Commonwealth Treasurer on the relative fiscal capacity of the States using the latest review methods. Calculations are updated using the latest reliable data for the previous three financial years.
The 2019 Update Report was provided to the Commonwealth Treasurer in February 2019. The recommended relativities relate to the distribution of GST revenue among the States in 2019-20.
An updated staff paper providing an overview of Commonwealth-State financial relations is now available, along with the following presentations: How the CGC does its job, plus an Introduction to fiscal equalisation in Australia.